INSISOC is an Excellence Research Group of Castilla y León (GREX 251, 2004- )


Welcome to the Complex Social Systems Group at INSISOC.

Research in Complex Social Systems needs an integrative approach from Engineering, Social Sciences and Management. Agent Based Modelling and Agent Based Social Simulation provide the framework we have adopted to deal with complex systems.  Our main interests are:

·    Industrial organization: the study of strategic interactions of competing/cooperating firms or agents in different market and regulatory frameworks. This line can provide decision support on issues such as pricing, advertisement, product lines, target quality, response to competitors, alliances or market regulation. These studies are often carried out combining (agent-based) simulation with (evolutionary) game theory and network theory.

·    Enterprise Complex Systems: Governance. Learning and organizational change

·    Policy Rehearsal and Industry Dynamics.

·    Artificial Economics: Market institutions. Auctions.

·    Artificial intelligence: learning algorithms.


Agent Based Modelling and Agent Based Simulation

Agent based simulations provide a new and exciting avenue. Researches and advisers can compare and explore alternative scenarios and institutional arrangements to evaluate the consequences of policy actions in terms of economic, social and ecological impacts. But as a new field it demands from the modellers a great deal of creativeness, expertise and "wise choice".

Agent based modelling allows us to study the interactions between the individuals and the institutions. The simulation is focused in the dynamics of the processes, more than in the existence of equilibrium. Out of equilibrium dynamics are far more interesting than static equilibrium into which the system could be finally absorbed. Transients are no more difficult to study than equilibria. Agent-agent and agent-environment interactions are at the core of the approach according to simple local rules, dispensing of ex-ante "super-agents" to assure the emergence of equilibrium patterns. Space is distinct from the agent population in contrast with the differential equation models. The agents are heterogeneous and truly individualistic, whereas in mechanistic models one has to assume group behaviour to make the models analytically tractable. They compete in rigour with mechanistic modelling. If the programme is based upon production rules, it will be as internally consistent as it is the logic used. If it is not, it can be checked for internal consistency, before feeding it with the actual model.


INSISOC is integrated by researchers from University of Valladolid and University of Burgos

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Escuela de Ingenierías Industriales de Valladolid


Escuela Politécnica Superior de Burgos


Pso. del Cauce 59, 47011,

Valladolid, Spain

Edificio La Milanera, C/ Villadiego s/n, 09001, Burgos, Spain

Ph: (00 34) 983 42 33 36

Fax: (00 34) 983 42 33 10

Ph: (00 34) 947 259410

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